Alfredo Ramos Martínez, 1871-1946

Born on November 3, 1871, in Monterrey, Nuevo León, he obtained a scholarship to study in the National School of Fine Arts, which he entered in 1890. His teachers included Santiago Rebull and Jesús F. Contreras. Around 1899 Phoebe Hearst, who was impressed by the artist´s talent, sponsored his stay in Paris for three years. In 1905 and 1907 he exhibited his work in the Autumn Salon. After nine years in Europe he returned to Mexico in 1909. In 1910 showed the work he had done in Europe in the National School of Fine Arts. He was appointed deputy director of the National School of Fine Arts by the undersecretary of Education when the student strike began in the school. In 1913, he became the director of the National Academy of Fine Arts. In the same year he founded the Open Air School of Painting in Santa Anita, Iztapalapa, and in 1926 held an exhibition of works by his pupils in Europe. He emigrated to the United States, where he painted several murals and held various exhibitions. In 1992, the retrospective exhibition Alfredo Ramos Martínez (1871-1946) was organized in the National Museum of Art in Mexico City.